What are 3 main ways to purify water?

What are 3 main ways to purify water?

Discover Three Essential Ways to Safely Quench Your Thirst: The Water Purification Guide

Water, the elixir of life – so says the maxim. And yet, the liquid that's seemingly synonymous with vitality can often be teeming with invisible dangers that can put our health at risk. However, in our technological age, where every necessity and convenience has been optimized, something essential about water still eludes many—safety. In this guide, tailored for the health-conscious, the outdoor enthusiast, and the sustainability champion in you, we will deep-dive into three elemental methods that ensure that your gulp is as pure as it can be. 

Boiling: The Old Master's Test

Among the most ancient of purification methods, boiling is akin to the trial by fire for impure water. The process is straightforward enough – heat water to the point where it bubbles and holds at that state for 10 minutes. This time-honored technique guarantees a kill-off of nearly all microbial foes, be they bacteria, viruses, or even parasites.

The Science Behind It

The logic behind boiling water is beautifully simple. The energy in the heat causes the water to evaporate, and in the process, it leaves behind the bulk of the impurities. Once the water achieves a full, rolling boil, the minute organisms within are subjected to temperatures that no microbe can withstand, resulting in a clear, safe drink.

Pros and Cons


  • Inexpensive: You only need a heat source, a pot, and patience.
  • Effective: It's a virtually foolproof way to purify water.


  • Time-Consuming: Requires waiting for water to boil then cooling down to drinkable temperatures.
  • Resource-Intensive: It demands a constant heat source that may not always be available.

Filtration: Nature's Best Engineer

Nature filters water through soil and rock over time, giving many the purest water known. You can mimic this process with modern water filtration systems, which work by passing water through a porous material, trapping undesirable elements.

The Science Behind It

Today's water filters use a range of components, from ceramic to activated charcoal. These materials consist of microscopic pores that stop larger contaminants, while others, like activated carbon, bind chemical components through a process known as adsorption.

Pros and Cons


  • Convenient: Portable filters can be used on-the-go.
  • Reliable: Many filters meet rigorous NSF International standards for water safety.


  • Maintenance: Filters require regular cleaning and replacement to remain effective.
  • Selective: Some filters, like UV filters, may not remove certain types of contaminants.

Chemical Treatment: The Portable Purifier

For water purification on the move, nothing beats the portability and simplicity of chemical treatments. Tablets or drops that contain chlorine, iodine, or other substances can effectively neutralize harmful pathogens from your water source.

The Science Behind It

Chemical treatments are game-changers because they can disinfect water without heat, which makes them ideal for situations where boiling is impractical. The active chemicals work by impairing the organisms' ability to function – a bit like when you put a plastic bag over a fly to catch it.

Pros and Cons


  • Compact: Treatments come in small, lightweight packaging.
  • Rapid: Purification can sometimes be achieved in 30 minutes.


  • Taste: Iodine treatments, in particular, can leave an undesirable flavor.
  • Resistance: Over time, some pathogens can develop a tolerance to certain chemicals.

The Best Method? It Depends

Water, as a living, adaptive force, often resists simple categorizations. Similarly, the most effective purification method is one that takes into account the source's peculiarities and the context in which we find ourselves. 
While boiling is the veritable standby, the inconvenience of waiting and the need for a heat source make it less than ideal for every situation. Filtration is a balanced approach, but one that demands consistent maintenance. Chemical treatments, though capable and portable, may leave a taste to be desired and cannot be used regularly due to the risk of microorganism resistance and long-term health effects of certain chemicals.

Conclusion: A Tale of Adaptation and Preparation

In the end, as with all things in life, adaptability is key. A traveler will cherish the convenience of chemical treatments, a homebody the steadfastness of boiling, and a naturalist the elegance of filtration. Remember, these methods are not mutually exclusive; in fact, they can complement each other beautifully, ensuring that no matter the circumstances, your cup runneth over with a drink that is both safe and satisfying. Choose wisely, and savor not just the water, but the wisdom in how you've chosen to purify it.

Until next time.
Brandon & Angela

The Art of Accountability: Confronting Mistakes in Crisis Moments

The Art of Accountability: Confronting Mistakes in Crisis Moments
I believe in owning up to mistakes.

Having said that, I made a big whoopsie in regards to prepping. A few days back, there was a pretty good windstorm that was kicking up. Forecast looked nasty, lo and behold the warning sirens and announcements went off. Distance from the speakers and weather being what they were, we did not hear the actual verbal announcement, only the blaring siren.

Okay boys, this is what we wait for as preppers!

I went down to the vault and started getting Angie’s gear first. SxS 12ga, .357 revolver, bugout bag. Awesome.

Went back downstairs to get my gear. Single shot break-open 12 ga, gun belt/kit, shooting bag, bug out bag. 
And now we start down the rabbit hole.

My first brain fart began with loading up the gun belt. I brought out the Super Blackhawk (.44) and the belt rounds. Wait, should I bring the .45lc? I have that adapter in the shooting bag for the 12ga. Never mind, keep going Brandon.

Picked up a ’94 in .44 to go with the revolver (ammo compatibility). Hmmm, maybe the .45-70 would be a better choice for game/defense if needed. Yeah, do that!

Piddle fart with all this stuff, which goes completely against the grain of the concept of a “minute man” mentality. We ended up never having to leave the house, which gave me plenty of time to ponder how I had just gotten so far in my head, playing so many “what if’s” that I basically just went in circles. 

So, here’s the moral of my little story….

If you have multiple plans/load-outs for different situations, grab that particular kit and stick with that plan. If this had been a completely different scenario (more combat-esque) it would’ve been Tavor or AR/web gear/72hr pack. No sweat.

This particular event should have been bushcraft shotgun/long term bag, .45lc & belt, DONE!

I spent way too much un-necessary time and energy trying to cover all my bases, when the plan for that scenario had already been set.

Make a plan, keep up with your preps (stay familiar with your gear), and STICK TO YOUR PLAN!

Rant over, lesson learned and focusing in practicing what I preach. 

As I wrap up this blog on the importance of being prepared and sticking to a plan, I want to leave you with a valuable resource to help you on your path to preparedness. If you've been inspired by my story and are now considering the importance of having a well-equipped emergency bag (also known as a 'go bag' or 'bug-out bag'), I encourage you to explore my course on this very topic.

Why Preparedness Matters

Why Preparedness Matters

One of the running themes in our blogs is preparedness. Today I want to share a real life event with you and talk about the importance of a prepared mindset.

I’m not putting anyone on blast, not my point. 

Deer season. A perfect time to get out into the woods and fields, reconnect with nature and maybe find yourself again in the process. Even people who have recently moved from more urban areas partake in a time honored tradition.

A call goes out to area entities that there is a lost/stranded hunter. It’s not any kind of desolate area, but rugged terrain. Did I mention that this call for help came in at about 8:30pm? And it’s snowing. Not heavily at first, but anybody around here that has been around awhile knows that early snow storms can get nasty, quickly.

Phone contact is made with the individual. He is able to provide a general area he was hunting in when he became “lost”. Party states he has 2% battery left on his smart phone. Ugggh.

Party is able to tell exactly where he departed from, direction he travelled, even has a very good idea of where he is in the land unit.

Party states he is cold & wet, has no way to get out of the now heavy snow or get warm. Part conveys that he has no food or water supplies.

Long story short, after an approximate 5hr effort, our lost individual is located on a little used access road that is deeply covered in thick, wet snow. Exhausted & near hypothermic, he is brought down off the mountain and is more than a little agitated that it took so long to be “rescued”.

Let’s break this down, you decide where the mistakes were made.

  • Individual moved to the very rural area from a dense urban environment, hunting with a group of work buddies.
  • Individual broke off from the group, went hunting alone, separate from the others.
  • Even though it was Fall in the Rocky Mountains, individual was not dressed/equipped for inclement weather.
  • Individual did not have any snacks or water supply.
  • Individual did not have map of the area, no compass.
  • Individual did have a smart phone (GPS, compass equipped) but the device was low on power.
  • Individual did not have any method for making fire, no tools for making a quick shelter.
  • Individual did hear the shots of other hunters/searchers looking for him, but had fired off ALL of his ammunition in initial attempts to respond.

My solution synopsis:

If you are going out into the woods with friends, STAY TOGETHER! If, for whatever reason, you are alone, make sure that someone back in civilization knows your itinerary (stick to it). 

EDC. Every Day Carry. I’m not necessarily talking about your sidearm and knife. If you are out & about, and there is a possibility you may get stranded or separated from your vehicle/equipment, there are a few basic things you should ALWAYS have with you (knife, ferro rod/lighter, water).

  • Knife – a quality knife is a must. However, better something than nothing.
  • Ferro rod/lighter/stick matches – a ferro rod is a valuable commodity, but one you need to learn to use. Anyone can learn to use a Bic lighter.
  • Water – you can only live 3 days without water.
  • Shelter/survival blanket/reflector

Technology is a great thing, but is designed to fail. Most smart phones have functions for GPS/compass, or you can download an app. LEARN HOW TO USE THEM! If you are going to rely on this type of tech, make sure you have the device charged or the means to charge it in the field. (solar chargers are great) A basic nav compass (like $8) never needs charging, and are simple to use.

Follow your animal instincts. Get out of the weather, however you can. This individual actually fell asleep (early stage hypothermia) out in the storm, furthering his heat loss. Learn some basic survival skills (STOP= Stay put, Think, Organize, Plan).

Never use all of your ammunition in attempting to signal others. You might very well need to use it in obtaining food in the event it takes a while to get to you.

Hit me with your thoughts……..

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